Official websites use .gov

A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS

A lock (🔒) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Phill McGrane

Independent Expenditures

Independent Expenditures for 2024

An independent expenditure is money spent — without coordination with any campaign — to advocate for the election or defeat of a specific candidate. This does not include any spending by the candidates.

Raw data used for this report is available to download in Excel format.


Total Spent

Supporting Candidates:


Opposing Candidates: